阅卷老师最想看到的英语作文开头和结尾,用了多得20分!

2017-04-07 学生讲堂

  掌小萌寄语 高考英语写作时,开头一般是最难的,而结尾又是点睛之笔,因此,写好开头和结尾尤其重要,会直接关系到整篇作文的得分高低。

  今天,小萌带大家学习怎样写好英语作文开头和结尾,必要时不妨用笔记一下哦!

  一. 英语作文开头四方式

  1.“开门见山”式

  一般来说,文章的开头应尽量做到“开门见山”,即要用简单明了的语言引出文章的话题,使人一开始就能了解文章要说明的内容。

  ① 对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。

  如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是:Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.

  ② 对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。

  如“The Time and the Money (时间和金钱)” 的开头可以是:Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don't think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back, but……

  

阅卷老师最想看到的英语作文开头和结尾,用了多得20分!1

  2. 回忆性开头

  在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget(永远无法忘记)、 remember (记得)、unforgettable(难以忘怀的)、 exciting(令人激动的)、surprising(令人惊讶的)、sad (难过的)……

  如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写:I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan. 或 It was really an unforgettable experience I had.

  

阅卷老师最想看到的英语作文开头和结尾,用了多得20分!2

  3. 疑问性开头

  在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。

  如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是:Have you ever planted trees? Don't you think planting trees is ……

  再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?

  4. 倒叙式开头

  在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中,可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。

  如“Catching Thieves (捉贼)”的开头可以这样写:I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It's a ... story.

  

阅卷老师最想看到的英语作文开头和结尾,用了多得20分!3

  二. 英语作文结尾四方式

  1. 自然结尾,点明主题

  随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。

  如“Helping the Policeman (帮助警察)”的结尾可以是:The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy.

  再如“The Tortoise and the Hare(龟兔赛跑)” 的结尾可以是:When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。

  2. 首尾呼应

  升华主题在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛”的效果。

  如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是:I love my hometown, and I am proud of it.

  

阅卷老师最想看到的英语作文开头和结尾,用了多得20分!4

  3. 反问结尾,引起深思

  这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。

  如 “Learning English can give us a lot of pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)” 的结尾可以是:If we learn English well, we can…Don't you think learning English is great fun?

  4. 表达祝愿,阐述愿望

  这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。

  如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是:I hope the farmers' life will be better and better.

  另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:Best wishes. I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year. I wish you have a good time等。

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